Oliver Thewalt

    Oliver Thewalt

    Theoretical Physics | Quantum Biology | Dark Matter Research Cluster

    Der wahre Ursprung von AIDS/True Origin of AIDS - English Sound - German Subtitle



    Connection between SIV - HIV, Polio Vaccine, SV40, Recombinant DNA, Cancer and Malaria Research

    Zusammenhang SIV zu HIV, Polio Vaccine, SV40, Krebs, Recombinant DNA, Malaria Forschung

    CDC admits 98 Million American received Polio Vaccine contaminated with SV40 - Cancer Virus respectively

    The Polio Vaccine Contamination with SV-40


    Most Americans do not remember what a horror the polio epidemic was upon America. In the early 50s, over 33,000 Americans fell crippled or died slow, terrible deaths from polio each year. It was a virus spread casually that infected the lining of the intestines, then the blood stream, and finally the nervous system where it destroyed the victim’s brain stem. The search for a polio vaccine became a national scientific effort supported by very powerful political forces. As a virus, it did not respond to antibiotics as bacteria do, so a vaccine was needed to stop the crippling and killing.

    American scientist Jonas Salk came forward with a new idea to eliminate all three strains of polio. He would grow the live virus in a lab and then kill the virus and inject the dead virus into children. Being dead, they could not produce, but would create antibodies against the virus. Thus the immune system would be armed against polio.

    Bernice Eddy was a bacteriologist at the NIH (National Institute of Health) and was told to safety-test the new vaccine. What she found was that the virus in the vaccine was not dead but still alive and able to breed. When she tried it on her monkeys, they were paralyzed. She sent pictures and warned the NIH.

    Several prominent physicians stepped into the fray to state the vaccine was safe. One of these doctors was Dr. Alton Ochsner who was Dr. Mary Sherman’s boss. To demonstrate his faith in the vaccine, Dr. Ochsner inoculated his own grandchildren with it. The mass inoculation proceeded on schedule and within days children fell sick from polio, some crippled, and some died. Ochsner’s grandson died of polio and his granddaughter was crippled with it. The director of the NIH resigned, the Secretary of Health resigned, it was a huge failure by public health.

    A second safer vaccine was later developed and deployed by Albert Sabin and it used a weakened live virus. Everyone thought this would be safe. Bernice Eddy was removed from the polio studies, despite the fact that she was the one that warned them prior to the fiasco. She was transferred to the influenza section where she met Sarah Stewart who proved that some cancers were caused by viruses as well as discovery of DNA recombination, which is a powerful tool in medical research today.

    In 1957 Stewart and Eddy discovered the polyoma virus, which produced several types of cancer in a variety of small mammals. Polyoma proved that some cancers were caused by viruses. This started the study of cancer virology. This same polyoma virus acted very much like Simian Virus # 40, a monkey virus that caused cancer.

    The polio vaccine’s manufacturers had grown their polio viruses on the kidneys of monkeys. When they removed the polio virus from the monkeys’ kidneys, they also got a number of the monkeys’ unknown viruses. Eddy was afraid they’d inoculated an entire generation of Americans with cancer-causing monkey viruses. She was right and in October of 1960 gave a talk to the New York Cancer Society saying they had found the polio vaccine was infected with cancer causing viruses, SV-40. From 1954 to 1963, almost every dose of polio vaccine produced in the world was given to 98 million Americans and was contaminated with the cancer-causing virus from the monkey kidneys used to develop the vaccine.

    Instead of sounding the alarm, the NIH took away her lab and destroyed Eddy’s career. Studies were repeatedly dismissed by federal health officials, so no warning was given to consumers. Other researchers found the same thing, albeit the SV-40 did not cause cancer in the host (the monkeys), but what about a primate who had not been exposed to it previously? When clean African monkeys were infected with SV-40, all of them developed cancer. The political insiders already knew this, but had not announced it. The public was not told. In 1961 one of Eddy’s co-workers published a paper that stated the polio vaccine was contaminated with live SV-40. A couple of very back page articles appeared in the New York Times with a mention of a possibility of cancer in the vaccine. None of the Salk or Sabin vaccines that were contaminated with SV-40 were recalled. They sat on shelves and were used until they were gone.

    But back to Dr. Mary Sherman who worked for Dr. Ochsner. Mary Sherman was murdered on 21st July 1964. She had been stabbed in the heart, arm, leg and stomach. Her mattress had been set on fire, but her massive burns could not have come from the smoking mattress. The crime has never been solved. Edward Haslam published “Dr. Mary’s Monkey,” in 2007 and argues that Dr. Alton Ochsner organized “one of the 159 covert research centers which the CIA had admitted to setting up.” Haslam believes that Ochsner recruited the brilliant researcher and physician Mary Sherman to run the research operation. The project was set up 23 March 1962 and Dr. Sherman was allegedly involved in carrying out secret research into developing a vaccine to prevent an epidemic of soft-tissue cancers caused by polio vaccines contaminated with SV-40.


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    The Polio Vaccine: A Global Scourge Still Threatening Humanity

    During the past several months as a slew of draconian vaccine bills have been aggressively pushed upon state legislators to legally enforce vaccination against Americans freedom of choice, I have had the opportunity to debate publicly pro-vaccine advocates on a number of occasions. When faced with a barrage of peer-reviewed scientific facts confirming vaccine failures, and its lack of efficacy and safety, representatives of the vaccine establishment will inevitably raise the issue of the eradication of polio and smallpox from the US as case examples of two vaccine miracles. Yet neither case, has their been scientifically sound confirmation that the demise of these two infectious diseases were the result of mass population vaccine campaigns.

    Furthermore, this horribly simplistic belief that polio and smallpox are exemplary models for all other vaccines is both naïve and dangerous. Vaccinology does not follow a one-size-fits-all theory as the pro-vaccine industry propagates to the public. For any coherent public debate, it is necessary for each vaccine to be critically discerned upon its own terms with respect to its rate of efficacy, the properties of viral infection and immune response, vaccine adverse effects, and the long term risks that may not present symptoms until years after inoculation.

    This article is the first part of a two part series to deconstruct the false claims of polio and smallpox as modern medical success stories and put each in its historical and scientific perspective. In this first part, the legacy of the polio vaccine and its ongoing track record of failure, particularly in developing nations, will be presented.

    It is a very dangerous assumption to believe that any new vaccine or drug to fight an infectious disease or life-threatening disease will be safe once released upon an uninformed public. The history of pharmaceutical science is largely a story of failures as well as successes. Numerous drugs over the decades have been approved and found more dangerous than the condition being targeted, but only after hundreds of thousands of people were turned into guinea pigs by the medical establishment. In the case of vaccines, both the first human papilloma vaccine (Gardasil) and Paul Offit’s vaccine for rotavirus (Rotateq) were disasters. Both were fast tracked through the FDA and both failed to live up to their promises.

    This scenario of fast tracking unsafe and poorly researched vaccines was certainly the case for one of the first polio vaccines in 1955. In fact the polio vaccine received FDA approval and licensure after two hours of review – the fastest approved drug in the FDA’s history. Known as the Cutter Incident, because the vaccine was manufactured by Cutter Laboratories, within days of vaccination, 40,000 children were left with polio, 200 with severe paralysis and ten deaths. Shortly thereafter the vaccine was quickly withdrawn from circulation and abandoned.[1]

    The CDC’s website still promulgates a blatant untruth that the Salk vaccine was a modern medical success. To the contrary, officials at the National Institutes of Health were convinced that the vaccine was contributing to a rise in polio and paralysis cases in the 1950s. In 1957 Edward McBean documented in his book The Poisoned Needle that government officials stated the vaccine was “worthless as a preventive and dangerous to take.” Some states such as Idaho where several people died after receiving the Salk vaccine, wanted to hold the vaccine makers legally liable. Dr. Salk himself testified in 1976 that his live virus vaccine, which continued to be distributed in the US until 2000, was the “principal if not sole cause” of all polio cases in the US since 1961. However, after much lobbying and political leveraging, private industry seduced the US Public Health Service to proclaim the vaccine safe.[2] Although this occurred in the 1950s, this same private industry game plan to coerce and buy off government health agencies has become epidemic with practically every vaccine brought to market during the past 50 years.

    Today, US authorities proudly claim the nation is polio-free. Medical authorities and advocates of mass vaccination raise the polio vaccine as an example of a vaccine that eradicated a virus and proof of the unfounded “herd immune theory”. Dr. Suzanne Humphries, a nephrologist and one of today’s most outspoken medical critics against vaccines has documented thoroughly that polio’s disappearance was actually a game of smoke and mirrors.[3] By 1961, the polio vaccine should have been ruled a dismal failure and abandoned since more people were being paralyzed from the vaccines than wild poliovirus infection.

    The 1950s mark a decade of remarkable medical achievement; it also marked a period of high scientific naiveté and enthusiastic idealism. Paralysis was not only associated with polio infections, but also a wide variety of other biologic and toxic agents: aseptic meningitis, Coxsackie and Echo viruses, arsenic, DDT and other industrial chemical toxins indiscriminately released upon millions of Americans. In addition, paralytic conditions were given a variety of names in an attempt to distinguish them, although some, such paralysis due to polio, aseptic meningitis and Coxsackie, were indistinguishable. One of the more devious names was Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP), a class of paralyses indistinguishable from the paralysis occurring in thousands within the vaccinated population. It was therefore incumbent upon health authorities to transfer polio vaccine-related injuries to non-poliovirus causation in order to salvage vaccination campaigns and relieve public fears. Dr. Humphries and her colleagues have noted a direct relationship between the increase in AFP through 2011 and government claims of declining polio infectious rates parallel with increased vaccination.

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    Vaccination’s Dilemma: Unsafe at Any Dose


    Ich halte dies Entstehung von HIV aus SIV für sehr wahrscheinlich, die Royal Society wollte es nur ignorieren und hat den Autor vernichtet - die westliche Wissenschaft selbst ist im Sinne einer Interpretation durch die Erforschung der Natur durch h.sapiens widerlegt - sollte denn HIV durch den Verzehr von Fleisch Affenartiger entstanden sein? Nein, dieser Retrovirus (RNA Virus) wohl kaum, wenn man sich ansieht was Hilary Koprowski mit den Schimpansen (und Menschen, sehr widerwärtig übrigens) gemacht hat, dann macht genau das Sinn. Hier ein Beispiel für eine Cross Species Transmission: Cross-Species Transmission of a Novel Adenovirus Associated with a Fulminant Pneumonia Outbreak in a New World Monkey Colony http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1002155 Polio wurde auch nicht dadurch ausgerottet, es gab neuere Ausbrüche, immer wieder, ähnlich wie bei Small Pox, die CDC steckt da auch dahinter, man will uns durch unser Microbiome kontrollieren, Impfungen dürfen auf gar keine Fall per Gesetz verordnet werden! Warum können Sie denn ihre Meinung nicht "wissenschaftlich" (inhaltlich) begründen?

    Oliver Thewalt



    Sind Bet Hedging, Quorum Sensing und Quantenbiologie auch "Schwachsinn"? Warum ist denn ein statisches DNA Modell falsch, was ist denn DNA? Was ist die Dark Matter unseres Genoms? http://sandwalk.blogspot.de/2007/01/central-dogma-of-molecular-biology.html Warum hat man die brilliante Rosalind Franklin vernichtet? Warum waren Crick und Watson eher Rassisten als "Wissenschaftler" Was ist Mathematik (--> Genetik) in einer rein westlichen Auffassung? Warum teilt man die Welt in pro und anti vaccination ein anstatt die Leute zu bilden und ihre Selbstintelligenz zu födern? Warum wurden p-values für eine "wissenschaftliche" Interpretation durch Statistiker ausgeschlossen?


    Crosspecies transmissons of a novel adenovirus associated with a fulminant pneumonia outbreak in a new world monkey colony

    Quote from PLoS: 'Adenoviruses are DNA viruses that naturally infect many vertebrates, including humans and monkeys, and cause a wide range of clinical illnesses in humans. Infection from individual strains has conventionally been thought to be species-specific. Here we applied the Virochip, a pan-viral microarray, to identify a novel adenovirus (TMAdV, titi monkey adenovirus) as the cause of a deadly outbreak in a closed colony of New World monkeys (titi monkeys; Callicebus cupreus) at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC). Among 65 titi monkeys housed in a building, 23 (34%) developed upper respiratory symptoms that progressed to fulminant pneumonia and hepatitis, and 19 of 23 monkeys, or 83% of those infected, died or were humanely euthanized. Whole-genome sequencing of TMAdV revealed that this adenovirus is a new species and highly divergent, sharing <57% pairwise nucleotide identity with other adenoviruses. Cultivation of TMAdV was successful in a human A549 lung adenocarcinoma cell line, but not in primary or established monkey kidney cells. At the onset of the outbreak, the researcher in closest contact with the monkeys developed an acute respiratory illness, with symptoms persisting for 4 weeks, and had a convalescent serum sample seropositive for TMAdV. A clinically ill family member, despite having no contact with the CNPRC, also tested positive, and screening of a set of 81 random adult blood donors from the Western United States detected TMAdV-specific neutralizing antibodies in 2 individuals (2/81, or 2.5%). These findings raise the possibility of zoonotic infection by TMAdV and human-to-human transmission of the virus in the population. Given the unusually high case fatality rate from the outbreak (83%), it is unlikely that titi monkeys are the native host species for TMAdV, and the natural reservoir of the virus is still unknown. The discovery of TMAdV, a novel adenovirus with the capacity to infect both monkeys and humans, suggests that adenoviruses should be monitored closely as potential causes of cross-species outbreaks.' 


    Pro: Rethinking the Birth of AIDS 

    When Jacques Pepin spent four years in the 1980s treating sleeping sickness in Democratic Republic of Congo, he encountered antiquated medical practices that later sparked an idea: Such practices could have played a major role in the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Pepin, now a professor in the Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases at the Université de Sherbrooke, Canada, pursued the question, producing research that eventually became The Origin of AIDS, published in October 2011.

    The   Origins of AIDSPepin’s account of how the virus likely crossed from chimpanzees and spread through humans in central Africa overturns earlier theories of the epidemic’s history. Using evidence-based science, he implicates colonial-era medical campaigns in unknowingly spreading HIV through routine intravenous injections to treat infectious diseases such as syphilis and sleeping sickness. 

    In his final chapter, Pepin warns the medical community that “well-intentioned human interventions can have unpredictable and disastrous microbiological consequences.” But the book is not only for clinicians and scientists. People living with HIV, he says, also need to know how the virus eventually reached them. 

    Pepin hopes his book will help counter years of speculation and the conspiracy theories and blame games that have fueled the stigmatization of HIV/AIDS. With an evidence-based history of HIV, we can refocus the discussion on what to do next in responding to HIV/AIDS.

    Let’s start with the obvious question: Why write a history about the origins of HIV/AIDS? 

    Covering the period from 1981 to present, there’ve been dozens of books that have explained the history of HIV in the United States, in South Africa, in India and so on. But there was very little on what happened before 1981. There was only one book called The River, which proposed that [the emergence of HIV] was somehow related to the use of an experimental vaccine against polio. That hypothesis has been proven wrong. So basically, there was no good history of the emergence of HIV/AIDS. 

    Jacques Pepin, MDIs mapping the early history of HIV still relevant as we approach 2012? 

    There are two reasons to be interested in the history of this infection. The first is a moral obligation toward the victims—32 million people so far have died from AIDS, and I think we owe it to them to try to understand what happened. The second reason is that there are some general lessons that can be learned from that story, which hopefully could prevent us from provoking a similar disaster in the future. 

    You write that HIV and SIV—the simian version found in chimpanzees—have been around for much longer than was previously thought. 

    The chimpanzee virus, which is the source of HIV-1, has been present among the chimpanzees of central Africa for several hundred years—maybe a few thousand years. And it’s certain that hunters [before the 20th century] got infected by the virus while cutting up chimpanzee meat to cook it. But [back then], eventually the hunter infected his wife sexually—or vice versa—and then both of them died of AIDS 10 years later in their village, and it didn’t spread. 

    How did 20th-century changes to life in central Africa amplify the spread of HIV?

    Around 1921, another hunter was infected and then from that single person, eventually, 65 million people got the virus. At this time there were two factors that made it possible for the virus to spread so successfully. I believe that both were necessary; if we remove one of them, I think probably it wouldn’t have happened. Both factors were related to the European colonization of central Africa. 

    One factor was [increased] sexual transmission, facilitated by the urbanization of central Africa and the prostitution that followed. The colonizers created cities in which there was a gross excess of men over women, because they only needed the men [to labor for] private companies and for the government. This imbalance quickly led to the development of prostitution on a substantial scale in these cities. That’s number one. And number two was the transmission through injections that occurred during public health campaigns created in the French colonies and instituted by the Belgians on the other side of the Congo River. The campaigns were meant to control a few very common infectious diseases, such as sleeping sickness, syphilis and yaws—a skin disease that looks a lot like syphilis. 

    People who had the diseases were treated in their own village. They got an intravenous injection once a week for something like 15 weeks, and the syringes and the needles, of course, were reused constantly, because they were not aware of the risk of transmitting viruses through these routes. At the time they knew very little about viruses in general. 

    What about sterilization between uses?

    [Some of] the documents I found showed that in several places there was no attempt even to boil the syringe and needle between patients. They would just rinse with water and use it on the following patient.

    Your book calls public health campaigns most likely the major factor in the earliest spread of HIV. How is that possible?

    You remember that very first patient, the hunter? I estimated that the likelihood that this hunter would eventually move to a city, have sex with a sex worker there and transmit the virus was something like 1 percent or 2 percent, at most. Whereas the risk that this same hunter in most parts of central Africa would eventually be found to have some infectious disease and be treated in his own village with intravenous drugs was probably between 50 and 100 percent. 

    Then eventually from a single hunter at least a few hundred people were probably infected through the injections. Once that number reached critical mass, it became unavoidable that the virus would spread outside of this village or hospital. It presumably spread mainly [along] the Congo River and its many tributaries through people who were traders, who traveled down the river to buy and sell their goods. And these people eventually had sex in the cities there and transmitted the virus to other people. So I think these two factors—these public health campaigns and the increase of prostitution because of urbanization—were essential, and both were related to the colonization of central Africa.

    You write that “well intentioned human interventions can have unpredictable and disastrous microbiological consequences.” Can you elaborate?

    There is no doubt that these medical interventions were quite effective at reducing the impact of a few of the very common infectious diseases, reducing the incidence and impact of sleeping sickness, for example. They benefited the Africans to some extent. But they also benefited the colonial system, because their other goal was to be useful for the colonial project. You needed workers for the companies for the plantations, for the mines, and so on. And if you wanted workers you had to keep them in good health.

    These [“well-intentioned”] interventions eventually, in my opinion, led to the emergence of HIV/AIDS. 

    In the 1980s, the scientific community was unprepared for what we now know to be HIV/AIDS. Do you think the scientific community is better prepared for new pathogens today?

    Yes. I think the technology to investigate emerging infections is infinitely better now than it was in 1981. For example, look at H1N1, the influenza virus that spread two or three years ago in Mexico and from there to the United States and Canada. When it emerged in Mexico, within a few weeks—even a few days—the whole genome of the virus was sequenced. People had the tools to determine rapidly that it was a mixture virus from humans, pigs and birds or chickens. 

    In 1981 it took a few years before the virus [causing AIDS] was identified. The tools that they were using then for detecting viruses, the cell culture and so on, were difficult and not very effective. Since then there’s been really dramatic improvement in molecular biology. 

    Your history of HIV is also a history of modern medicine. Do you think the medical community has learned its lesson about “well-intentioned” medical interventions and unpredictable consequences? 

    I think time will tell, and we’ll see how my book is accepted by the medical establishment. I hope the lesson will be taken. I really hope that people who read the book will think in the future, “OK, let’s be cautious when we do this.” In the final chapter I give an example—the idea of sending some humans to the planet Mars and bringing them back to the Earth. We have to think really hard—is that really a good idea?

    Are there safeguards that should be put in place? 

    Whenever novel interventions or approaches are developed, we need to maybe be more cautious and proceed slowly. At various steps of the process, [researchers should] try to make sure that there are not unintended consequences. For example, gene therapy—well, OK, it’s interesting, we might be able to treat very difficult diseases. But we have to make sure that by doing that we’re not causing some other unpredictable problems. We should monitor the possible emergence of unpredictable consequences before it is too late. 

    Previous histories and theories about how HIV came into being blamed one group or another, but your story seems to focus on the complexity of facts instead of casting blame. Do you feel The Origins of AIDS will reduce stigma?

    Absolutely. I’m not blaming anybody. There was a lot of transmission, I believe, in the early stages of the epidemic through medical interventions. But honestly, if I had been a doctor working in Africa in the 1930s I would have done the same thing these people did. There was no way they could [have] predicted what would happen. So I think the idea is not to lay the blame on anybody, but just to tell the story. Then, at the end, I try to draw lessons from that history. Other people maybe would draw different lessons, and that’s OK. 

    But blame should not be laid on any person or individual. Certainly this famous story of Patient Zero—the French Canadian airline steward, who was [falsely] identified as having started the epidemic—I think this story of Patient Zero becomes difficult to sustain if you read the whole story in my book. This guy certainly traveled a lot. He might have infected, I don’t know, a few dozen other gay men he had sex with. But to lay the blame [of the entire pandemic] on that person, I think that was really unfair. 

    As the book shows, it’s a complicated story. There’s been so much work on the virus in many countries around the world. No other infectious agent has been inspected as thoroughly as HIV, so it’s possible to put all the pieces together. And that’s what I’ve tried to do in the book.


    Con: HIV from polio vaccine?

    Excerpt   Quote:"
    There are several factors which refute the credibility of this theory:      -  Monkey kidneys are used as cultures for producing polio vaccine, but these monkeys are not infected with the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)---a retrovirus which affects monkeys.  The absence of this retrovirus in these monkeys in the United States is assured, in that only monkeys from SIV-free colonies are used.  Every monkey is tested for antibodies to SIV.     -  Even with regard to older polio vaccines produced in kidney cells from monkeys that may have been infected (before modern screening tests were available), extensive evidence indicates that these vaccines did not contain or transmit SIV. Such vaccines were tested by various laboratory techniques, and no SIV was detected. Individuals vaccinated with such vaccines have been tested and found not to have antibodies to SIV.  In addition, multiple efforts to recover SIV from kidney cells have failed, and  attempts to get SIV to replicate in monkey kidney cells exposed to a highly infectious inoculum have also failed.      -  There are no reliable scientific data which indicate that the AIDS virus originated from monkey retroviruses.      -  The World Health Organization has stated that there is no evidence of transmission of SIV to humans via polio vaccine.      In summary, several avenues of research show that the theory that links the polio vaccine to the origin or spread of AIDS does not make much sense from a virologic standpoint.  Additionally, the theory does nothing to explain the known epidemiology of the AIDS pandemic, and therefore provides no substantive insight into the real origin or nature of AIDS.      The existence of this unsubstantiated theory should not deter people from receiving needed polio vaccinations.  Polio is a very real infectious disease which has killed and crippled millions throughout the world.  Global  polio vaccine immunization efforts have saved literally millions of lives, particularly in the Third World, and should not be undermined by sensationalized speculation. (FDA Release, April 6, 1992)."