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This is a book on linear algebra and matrix theory. While it is self contained, it will work

best for those who have already had some exposure to linear algebra. It is also assumed that

the reader has had calculus. Some optional topics require more analysis than this, however.

I think that the subject of linear algebra is likely the most significant topic discussed in

undergraduate mathematics courses. Part of the reason for this is its usefulness in unifying

so many different topics. Linear algebra is essential in analysis, applied math, and even in

theoretical mathematics. This is the point of view of this book, more than a presentation

of linear algebra for its own sake. This is why there are numerous applications, some fairly

unusual.

This book features an ugly, elementary, and complete treatment of determinants early

in the book. Thus it might be considered as Linear algebra done wrong. I have done this

because of the usefulness of determinants. However, all major topics are also presented in

an alternative manner which is independent of determinants.

The book has an introduction to various numerical methods used in linear algebra.

This is done because of the interesting nature of these methods. The presentation here

emphasizes the reasons why they work. It does not discuss many important numerical

considerations necessary to use the methods effectively. These considerations are found in

numerical analysis texts.

In the exercises, you may occasionally see ↑ at the beginning. This means you ought to

have a look at the exercise above it. Some exercises develop a topic sequentially. There are

also a few exercises which appear more than once in the book. I have done this deliberately

because I think that these illustrate exceptionally important topics and because some people

don’t read the whole book from start to finish but instead jump in to the middle somewhere.

There is one on a theorem of Sylvester which appears no fewer than 3 times. Then it is also

proved in the text. There are multiple proofs of the Cayley Hamilton theorem, some in the

exercises. Some exercises also are included for the sake of emphasizing something which has

been done in the preceding chapter.