Oliver Thewalt

    Oliver Thewalt

    Theoretical Physics | Quantum Biology | Dark Matter Research Cluster

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    Michael Balmer's notes: Gluons

     Gluon, we can discuss physics from a cosmological prespectus but that would be to far to the right of zero on the graph of reality,this profund statement simply means by drawing a plane to the right and left of zero,everything to the right we graph Relativity,or Cosomology and Astrophysics or the world as we see it and to the left of zero the things we cannot see with the unaided eye,the world of Quantum Mechanics,molecules,atoms and the subatomic,the world of particles...where say 10^6 is a million times larger the size of zero and 10^-6 is a million times smaller than zero, the thought of how Jupiter looks to us, there are entities in relative size on the quantum(small) level.


                 We start at the Atom,any atom,it does not matter which since we are going to go below that construct,the construct of electron,proton and neutron and in the case so there is no oh,oh,oh buts... we place the neutrino with hydrogen and we can discuss that at another time being inmaterial here,we start with a neutron at 1.674195x10 -27kg -->proton at 1.672615x10 -27kg-->electron at 9.109803x10 -19kg-->3 quark at .371692233x10 -9kg-->3 gluon at .1858461x10 -9kg,forgive me being off a kg or so i am doing this from memory,but the numbers aside,we are at a very far distance from zero with the gluon.


                The QCD or SU3 or the strong force is a color charge as opposed to an electric charge,this is in wording only in describing the charge in bonding quarks to produce nuclei as well as hold them within the nucleus or to say as a nucleus,but is a gluon a particle,not really,is it a wave,not really,does it have spin,not really though it is assigned spin,does it have motion,absolutely and it is this motion that "glues" quarks to form nuclei as well as assign charges to quarks,is it matter,not really,it is a charge in phase transitions and duality at nearly 10 times the speed of light,this extreme (to us) velocity is manifested as a swirl in and around quark matter and the nuclear field (nucleus)the swirl would have the appearence of a..for lack of a better description a Kaleidoscope or reflection symmetry,mathematically we say a Swirl Function,we assign the colors to gluons as red,blue and green and try to visualize all possible combinations in motion,slowed of course to see this,why would gluons be this way?to illustrate this function picture the circulatory system moving through and around muscle tissue in the body,the tissue represents the quarks and the vessels the gluons,the gluon field surrounds the nuclei forming the nucleus,a continuos change of corresponding hues to itself and to quarks and the nucleus.


                 There are many writings to this topic including this insert


                 Gluons-Hyperphysics.....Georgia State University.



    Gluons are the exchange particles for the color force between quarks, analogous to the exchange of photons in the electromagnetic force between two charged particles. The gluon can be considered to be the fundamental exchange particle underlying the strong interactionbetween protons and neutrons in a nucleus. That short-range nucleon-nucleon interaction can be considered to be a residual color force extending outside the boundary of the proton or neutron. That strong interaction was modeled by Yukawa as involving an exchange ofpions, and indeed the pion range calculation was helpful in developing our understanding of the strong force.

    Gluon interactions are often represented by a Feynman diagram. Note that the gluon generates a color change for the quarks. The gluons are in fact considered to be bi-colored, carrying a unit of color and a unit of anti-color as suggested in the diagram at right. The gluon exchange picture there converts a blue quark to a green one and vice versa. The range of the strong force is limited by the fact that the gluons interact with each other as well as with quarks in the context of quark confinement. These properties contrast them with photons, which are massless and of infinite range. The photon does not carry electric charge with it, while the gluons do carry the "color charge".

    Within their range of about a fermi, the gluons can interact with each other, and can produce virtual quark-antiquark pairs. The property of interaction with each other is very different from the other exchange particles, and raises the possibility of gluon collections referred to as "glueballs". The internal state of a hadron is viewed as composed of a fixed net number of quarks, but with a dynamic cloud of gluons and quark-antiquark pairs in equilibrium.


            unfortunately the graph did not appear,but to see it you can on line type Gluons and scroll to this insert.



          What deepens the mystery of the gluon is the inability to see and experment directly with it,the quarks as well for that matter,but to be able to do so the attractive or magnetism of the strong force carriers must be overcome,i have given you the reasons why they are so strongly bonding and it is very much near impossible to separate without decomposing the entity,now seperating nuclei from the nucleus is a far easier task...so to speak..the gluon field is the weakest point of the strong force and with sufficient charge or " energy " for those using that terminology this is attainable,keeping in mind the heavier the element the more "energy" is required to do so,to illustrate the point...the gluon field may only variate to a small degree based on itself,but coupled with quarks...the field may resonate from red to blue to green say at half the speed of light since it is corresponding  only to itself and the application of charge frequency requirement is minimal..relatively speaking..but with the quark and the properties of the quark variables this is more difficult,the gluon reaction to charge.."energy" is nearly 10 times the speed of light so application would be met with a corresponding frequency change,to use a boxing term...a counterpuncher,so..how do we do it?we don't..well yes but not without the loss of the gluon,some may use a collider to get the smashing force to achieve releasing the quark but the safer way would be to in essence fool the gluon..either way it will decompile and return to a "dark" particle,like the carrier of the EMforce it must be in motion or it is no longer that entity.