Oliver Thewalt

    Oliver Thewalt

    Theoretical Physics | Quantum Biology | Dark Matter Research | Energy Consulting | Creation of Hydrogen ATOM in the Higgs Field >> Vote for Nobel Prize

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    Antiparticles, Antimatter by Michael Balmer, Nuclear Physics

    Note by Michael Balmer   

    Antiparticles or Antimatter, I put this as a statement though it is actually a question, first I would like to thank my favorite physicist for bringing this realization, P.A.M. Dirac,when using the term Anti, outside of physics it is giving to mean..against or oppose or opposite or a few more defines but here it is opposite in charge of a particle,such as an electron which is negatively charge to the positron which is positively charged and the positive charged proton to the negative charged...anti proton, now why this particle does not have a proper name is a mystery, hmm may be proton neg or negative proton, may be one day, so what is antimatter?


    On the premise of some, matter is neutral in charge and subscribing to neutral entities like the neutron and neutrino have no antipartners because the opposite of neutral is neutral and there for no Antimatter, but ...a matter particle are electrons,protons and neutrons and they ... excepting the neutrons have antipartners so there must be antimatter, but...they are particles classified as matter so is there matter or just particles?


                        This is an insert:


    In the standard model for describing fundamental particles and interactions, every particle has an antiparticle. For example, the positron is the antiparticle of the electron. It has identical mass, but has a positive charge. If an electron encounters a positron, they annihilate with the transformation of their mass energies into two gamma rays.

    Going beyond the basics, we can say that an antiparticle is related to the particle by charge conjugation. This includes more than just electric charge; it inverts all internal quantum numbers such as baryon number, lepton number, and strangeness.

    Seeing that nature is in so many respects symmetric, a fundamental question is "Why is the universe made out of matter, with very little antimatter? We can create antimatter today in pair production, and in fact the processes of particle production produce equal numbers of particles and antiparticles. Something very early in the history of the universe tipped the balance toward matter to the virtual exclusion of antimatter. We see antimatter today only in pair production, radioactive decay and in the products of the high-energy particle accelerators.

    The question is an open one. Current research which may shed some light on the question is that which explores the apparent violation of CP invariance in the decay of the neutral kaon. At the fundamental particle level, nature can tell the difference between left-handed and right-handed systems as indicated by parity violation with neutrinos (neutrinos are left-handed and antineutrinos are right-handed). While normal beta decay violates parity, it is invariant under CP. If the neutral kaon is confirmed to directly violate CP, it may provide an avenue for nature to show a preference for matter over antimatter in the early universe.


                      Thank you Georgia State University


                 When discussing Antiparticles,what are we talking about, in the case of positrons, just electrons of positive charge,but how do we get,find or create these particles,where do they come from?some come from the decay (beta) of elements,some from reactors and weapons but mostly from the decay of the neutron, mostly the free neutron and as before the beta decay of elements,but do these examples tell us how they are positively charged?no they do not,charge conjugation?

    No,that is what makes it confusing or an inadequent answer,just they become positrons because of the event? Of course not,but it seems when no answer has been reached speculation is accepted, but not here, in doing that we would not need Theoretical Physicist, so for the moment we are all going to be theoreticals, and as theoretical we are going to "attempt" to ascertain the correct answer and apply the proper mathematics to explain the details,but here we will forget the math, to have positrons either they are paired with the electrons in atoms or they are the orbitals of anti-atoms...or antimatter and where ever there is matter there is antimatter, now we are taught there is a lot less antimatter than matter so that makes it a little difficult to have a seperate atom or just a particle .....

    ....we are also taught that positrons are not naturally occurring so that also gives us a dilemma,we are also taught that photons can create electron pairs by their decay,we are all theoreticals here so this last one is just ridiculous,photons are said to have no charge or mass...no wonder we are confused,and we have not gotten to the proton yet....now this next part i have discussed on prior occasions,the universal charge is negative ....


    We are to taught it is positive or neutral, it cannot be neutral as a cancellation when it is insisted the universe is lacking in antimatter so eliminate neutral, positive,now that is mostly from Plasma Physics because according to the them 99.9999999999% of the universe is Plasma and plasma is mostly positive ions (nuclei) no comment, no it is negative and the reason is simple...electrons, which are negative so the field by virtue of the radiance is...negative,and to further assert on this,the reason why positive charged particles such as protons and positrons cannot exist without shielding of the charge,they annihilate,why their t/1/2 or half life is seconds to minus seconds of time,

    ....though I do not subscribe to the imbalance of matter antimatter I do not expect anyone to follow this assertion, it is a good thing there is a so called imbalance because with that symmetry there would be no existing for us and there would be only the annihilation process at every point in space,so do positrons come from antimatter atoms....

    ...yes, no,yes no...hmmm, do they actually exist?of course they do,it is esscential there be positrons as well as protoneg, negapro....anti-protons,but where are they? existence is a reality because of the charges and there must be three for this existence..negative, positive and neutral, and they must be equal and they are equal for any of one cannot be stable without the other.


                   Antiparticles and antimatter, there is no difference in the two, and where do we find antiparticles and antimatter? In every atom.