Oliver Thewalt

    Oliver Thewalt

    Theoretical Physics | Quantum Biology | Dark Matter Research Cluster

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    About phases of matter and energy

    Zero is not a constant: the upper value of zero can be stretched to infinity, as the lower to minus infinty, Riemann Zeta Zero distribution - zero values of Zeta function correlate to nuclei and may indicate the threshold between quantum and real world, between phases of matter AND energy.


    By an inverse Boltzmann distribution there are temperatures below zero Kelvin, temperature is not energy! Zero is not a one point value, not a directed scalar, but indicates a threshold between energy and matter in an n-dimensional transition.


    But Nothing is not no thing, try to create zero space? In physics zero does not mean nothing,


    There is NO zero space in a mathematical sense

      • Oliver Thewalt
        Oliver Thewalt

        Quote:" Absolute zero is the temperature (-273.15C) at which all motion in matter stops and is thought to be unreachable. But recent experiments using ultracold atoms have measured temperatures that are, in fact, negative in absolute temperature scale.

        The journey there, however, is quite the opposite to what you might expect. Simply removing heat from the equation to make things colder and colder is not the answer. Instead, you need to heat things hotter than infinitely hot!

        Understanding temperature

        The concept of temperature is intimately connected to the concept of disorder. Typically, a high degree of order corresponds to a low temperature. A perfect order is tantamount to absolute zero and a maximum possible disorder corresponds to an infinite temperature.

        Ice crystals are more ordered than boiling water and, as intuition tells us, ice is indeed colder than hot water. By adding more energy in the water molecules will cause their motion to become ever more chaotic and disordered, thus increasing their temperature.

        But under certain very special circumstances, a system may become more ordered when more energy is added beyond a critical value which corresponds to an infinite temperature.

        Such a system is then characterised by negative absolute temperature. Continuing to add more energy in such a system would ultimately render it perfectly ordered at which point it would have reached negative absolute zero.

        If the positive absolute zero is the point at which all motion stops, then the negative absolute zero is the point where all motion is as fast as it possibly can be. ... " Unquote